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Jun 02

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The Thing You Need To Know About A Medical Laboratory

A medical laboratory or also known as a clinical laboratory is a laboratory where the tests for the clinical specimens will took place in order to get the information on the health of a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.

Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. You can read more about the two departments below.

Anatomic pathology – this department will include cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.

Clinical pathology which includes the following courses:

Clinical microbiology – this course surrounds five various units of science. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry: the units included in this section are enzymology, endocrinology, toxicology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of the blood cells are the units that are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – the units in this section include the assisted reproductive technology, sperm bank, and semen analysis.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. For example, some facilities may have one laboratory intended for microbiology while some health institutions might have different labs for each unit without a single lab for microbiology.

Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.

You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. A sensitivity test will also be done in order to know if the pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a prescribed medicine, simply check this company. The determined organism or organisms and the type and amount of medication that will be prescribed to the patient will be given together with the result.

Different class of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.